اردو(Urdu) English(English) عربي(Arabic) پښتو(Pashto) سنڌي(Sindhi) বাংলা(Bengali) Türkçe(Turkish) Русский(Russian) हिन्दी(Hindi) 中国人(Chinese) Deutsch(German)
Friday, June 14, 2024 21:09
Question of Palestine Eternal Wisdom: Iqbal Building Futures: Empowering Pakistan's Youth for Tomorrow Tourism: An Essential Element for Sustainable and Inclusive Growth Connecting Youth to Global Opportunities Algorithms: The Silent Architects of Warfare Pakistani Youth: The Driving Force for National Progress Investing in Future Generations: Pakistan Army Lost Voices: The Systematic Marginalization of Indian Muslims Parallel Struggles: Examining the Palestinian and Kashmiri Quests for Self-determination Emergence of BJP as a Hindutva Force The Fourth Industrial Revolution: Transforming Pakistan Building Sustainable Cities: Urban Search and Rescue Preparedness Simulation Exercise In the Pursuit of Happiness: Understanding Hedonia, Eudemonia, and Naikan COAS’ U.S. Visit: Strengthening Ties and Fostering Collaboration A Biological Marvel of Human Heart Educational Empowerment: FC Balochistan (North) Initiates Literacy Program for Soldiers Digital Pakistan Journey: Pioneering Towards a Connected Future Driving Digital Transformation: Pakistan CJCSC Calls on His Majesty King Abdullah II Ibn Al Hussain During His Visit to Jordan COAS' Peshawar Visit Highlights Security, Socioeconomic Development and National Unity Unity in Diversity: COAS Joins Christmas Celebrations with Christian Community in Rawalpindi Chief of the Naval Staff Attends Indian Ocean Naval Symposium in Bangkok Strengthening Bonds and Elevating Collaboration: Combat Commander Turkish Air Force Calls on Chief of the Air Staff Closing Ceremony of Multinational Special Forces Exercise Fajar Al Sharq-V Strengthens Counterterrorism Collaboration Off the Beaten Track: Exploring Jiwani's Coastal Marvels and Heritage Special Investment Facilitation Council: A Game Changer for the Economy of Pakistan Rising Stars: Pakistan’s Youth Shines Bright in 2023 Indian Supreme Court’s Decision and the International Law Challenges to Justice: The Indian Supreme Court’s Fallacy in IIOJK Belt and Road Initiative: Strengthening Global Ties with Unhindered Trade and Connectivity The Media Matrix: Unraveling How Technology Shapes Our Perception Decoding Human Interaction: The Comprehensive Guide to Reading Body Language The Magic of Moscow On the Same Wavelength: Suno FM's Impact on Community Empowerment, Diversity, and Social Progress in Pakistan The Journey of SAIL: A Beacon of Hope for Autism in Gilgit-Baltistan Pakistan National Youth Convention 2024: COAS Stresses Youth's Vital Role, Urges Unity, and National Strength Vice Foreign Minister of the People’s Republic of China Calls on COAS COAS Attends Inauguration Ceremony of the Second Chapter of NASTP Silicon PAF's Induction and Operationalization Ceremony Showcases Technological Advancements and Operational Excellence COAS Witnesses Firing of Different Air Defense Weapon Systems During Exercise Al-Bayza-III, 2024 COAS Visits POF Wah, Highlights Importance of Indigenous Defense Industry Exercise Sea Guard-24: Strengthening Maritime Security Al-Noor Special Children School and College Celebrates International Day of Persons with Disabilities 2023 in Multan Garrison Exercise BARRACUDA-XII: Strengthening Global Cooperation for Maritime Safety and Environmental Protection Pakistan-Qatar Joint Aerial Exercise "Zilzal-II" Held in Qatar March 23, 1940: Charting the Course for Pakistan's Future Peshawar’s Namak Mandi: A Gemstone Heaven Genocide in Palestine Rising Cities, Shrinking Spaces: Tackling Overpopulation and Urbanization in Pakistan Impact of Pakistan Resolution Day on National Identity Building Leaders: Jinnah and Iqbal's Timeless Wisdom for Today's Youth National Parks–Natural Assets India's New Playbook for Extraterritorial Assassination of Opponents The Legacy of Khan Brothers in Pakistan Armed Forces (Part II) Beyond the Battlefield: AIMH’s Quest for Military History Preservation The Siege of 634 A.D. (Part II) SIFC, From Vision to Reality (Part II) A New Dawn in Pakistan's Agriculture The Crowdsourcing Practices The Last Post: Eulogy of a Hero Securing Tomorrow’s Food: Sustainable Agriculture and Aquaculture in Pakistan The Saindak Copper-Gold Project: A Beacon of Pak-China Friendship and Prosperity Prime Minister of Pakistan, Prime Minister of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, and COAS Visit Muzaffarabad CJCSC Calls on Minister of Defense, KSA 7th International PATS Exercise-2024 Held at NCTC, Pabbi CNS Visits Coastal Belt of Sindh and Coastal Areas of Balochistan to Oversee the Conduct of Exercise Seaspark-2024 Keel Laying Ceremony of the Second HANGOR Class Submarine Held at Karachi Shipyard and Engineering Works Chinese Ambassador Calls on Chief of the Air Staff Pakistan Navy Demonstrates Combat Readiness with Live Missile Firing Exercise in the North Arabian Sea PAF's Jf-17 Thunder Block-III Fighter Jet Participates in World Defense Air Show-2024 A Day of Celebration and Global Solidarity: Pakistan Day Parade 2024 Gaza: A Tragedy Beyond Words Better Late than Never... Escalating Tensions: India's Violations of the Indus Waters Treaty Preserving Pakistan Pakistan Day Parade-2024: A Celebration of National Unity and Strength Demolition of Muslim Properties in India: A Weapon of Choice and State Policy Sustainable Energy Transition: Strategies for Pakistan’s Shift towards Renewable Resources and Energy Efficiency The Impact of Climate Change on Global Health: Building Resilient Health Systems SIFC, From Vision to Reality (Part III) Emerging from the Depths: The Pakistan Army Dedicated to Promoting Tolerance and Diversity: Pakistan Army, in Collaboration with the University of Peshawar, Hosts a Successful Grand Peace Fair Pak-Saudi On Job Training 2024 CJCSC Addresses SCO Military Medical Seminar 2024 on Challenges in Military Medicines Loyalty, Honor, Duty: The Pivotal Role of Pakistan Armed Forces in Upholding Peace and Security From Darkness to Light–One Year On: Contemplating May 9, 2023 to May 9, 2024 Beyond the Smoke and Mirrors Global Perspectives on Content Regulation: Examining Network Enforcement Act and Disinformation Laws The Issue of Palestine: A Historical, Religious, and Humanitarian Perspective Modi’s Guarantee and Hindutva Incorporated Divide and Conquer: The Dangerous Surge of Anti-Muslim Rhetoric in Indian Politics India's Hybrid Warfare in Kashmir India: Where the Price of Protest is Death! Pakistani Peacekeepers and the International Peacekeeping Day Empowering Pakistan: Navigating the Path to Sustainable Energy Autarky Overpopulation: Navigating Challenges and Charting Solutions for Pakistan Pakistan and Saudi Arabia Friendship: Dawn of a New Era SIFC, From Vision to Reality (Part IV) A Tale of Two Sultans: Brigadier Sultan Ahmed, SJ & Bar (Part II) In the Footsteps of Valor: A Journey through Peshawar Garrison Pakistan Military Academy Passing Out Parade-2024 CGS Turkish Armed Forces Calls on COAS Green Pakistan Initiative Conference Highlights National Commitment to Agricultural Innovation and Economic Growth Commander Turkish Land Forces Calls on COAS Minister of Foreign Affairs, KSA, Calls on COAS Assistant Minister of Defense, KSA, Calls on COAS PAF Academy Asghar Khan Hosts Prestigious Graduation Ceremony for Aviation Cadets Faculty and Students from Muzaffargarh Government Post Graduate College Visit Multan Garrison SIFC's First Year: Transforming Pakistan's Investment Landscape SIFC’s First Birthday SIFC Building an Investor's Paradise: A Major Improvement in Pakistan's Investment Environment SIFC, From Vision to Reality (Part V) : Driving Growth in Industry, Tourism, and Privatization SIFC and Pakistan’s Economic Landscape: A Year in Review China Social Media in Pakistan: Balancing Risks and Governance for National Security Indian Ambitious “Make in India” Approach for Defense Production: An Appraisal India's Bold Shift: Extraterritorial Killings and Regional Instability as the 'New Normal' Charting a Path Towards Water Sustainability: Pakistan Comparative Analysis of IQ, EQ, SQ and AQ Harboring Opportunities: The Socioeconomic Benefits of Gwadar Port Development for Pakistan and the Region From Gridlock to Green Lanes: OLMRTS Drive Progress Evolution of Multan: A Journey Through the Past, Present, and Future Empowering Tomorrow's Entrepreneurs: The Al Barq e-Business Hub Embracing Tradition: Welcoming the 17th Entry to Military College Sui Balochistan Champions of the Desert: Balochistan Sheikha Fatima Bint Mubarak Girls Cadet College Turbat Hosts First Passing-out Parade Secretary General of Defense and National Armaments, Italy, Calls on CJCSC U.S. CENTCOM Commander Calls on COAS Chief of Defense Forces Australia Calls on COAS Turkish Foreign Minister Visits COAS COAS and CGS UK Army’s Address at 6th Pakistan-UK Regional Stabilization Conference GHQ Investiture Ceremony Held at General Headquarters COAS Extends Condolence to Iran Following Helicopter Crash That Claimed Top Officials CNS visits PLA (Navy) Headquarters China CNS Attends 19th Western Pacific Naval Symposium CNS Attends the Launching Ceremony of 1st HANGOR Class Submarine CAS Calls on General Secretary of MOD and Commander of Iraqi Air Force Commander Southern Command and 2 Corps Visits Khairpur Tamewali Pakistan-U.S. Navy Bilateral Exercise Inspired Union 2024 Pakistan Navy's Humanitarian Mission in Balochistan's Flood-ravaged Villages
Advertisements

Tariq Aqil

The author serves as an English Language and World History teacher and holds the position of Head of the English Department at Headstart School. Additionally, they work as a teacher and trainer for GRE and SAT at the United States Educational Foundation in Islamabad. E-mail: [email protected]

Advertisements

Hilal English

Escalating Tensions: India's Violations of the Indus Waters Treaty

April 2024

Tensions have arisen due to India's upstream projects, jeopardizing the Indus Waters Treaty’s stability. India's construction of the Shahpur Kandi barrage on the Ravi River has halted water flow to Pakistan, raising concerns of water terrorism.



The Indus Waters Treaty (IWT) was signed on September 19, 1960, with Ayub Khan of Pakistan, Jawaharlal Nehru of India, and the Chief of the World Bank acting as signatories. This treaty definitively established and delimited the rights and obligations of both countries concerning the use of the waters of the Indus River System. According to the treaty, India gained control over the three Eastern Rivers: Ravi, Beas, and Sutlej, while Pakistan was given control over the Western Rivers: Indus, Chenab, and Jhelum. The Indus Commission, established by the United Nations (UN), serves to resolve any disputes that may arise, with provisions for arbitration to facilitate amicable settlement. Additionally, the treaty permits India to utilize water from the western rivers for domestic, non-consumptive purposes such as storage, irrigation, and electricity generation. India is allocated 20 percent of the water from the Indus River System, with the remaining 80 percent allocated to Pakistan.


India has repeatedly engaged in what can be termed as water terrorism against Pakistan, and with this latest project, it further exacerbates the situation by blocking water flow towards Pakistan.


For over sixty-five years, the IWT has endured, but recently, the upstream infrastructure projects initiated by India have ignited tension. Additionally, the worsening effects of climate change on the Himalayan glaciers could increase the likelihood of disasters and threaten the long-term water security of communities. These factors all have implications for future interstate cooperation and regional developments. Glaciers and tributaries originating in the high mountains of the Ngari Prefecture in western Tibet, the Himalayas, Hindu Kush in Afghanistan, and the Karakoram feed the extensive Indus River system. Its floodplain, where most of Pakistan’s population lives, is one of the largest agricultural regions in Asia. Around 90 percent of Pakistan's food and 65 percent of its employment depend on farming and animal husbandry, which are sustained by the Indus.
Over the past two decades, Pakistan has made multiple attempts to prevent India from building dams on both the Chenab and the Neelum Rivers. The Neelum is a tributary of the Jhelum River, and Pakistan has opposed both projects on the grounds that they contravene the IWT signed by the two countries in 1960. In a damaging and dangerous move, India has now halted the flow of the Ravi River to Pakistan, an action tantamount to water terrorism.
The Shahpurkandi barrage is situated on the borders of Indian Punjab and Indian Illegally Occupied Jammu and Kashmir (IIOJK). India has announced the completion of the Shahpurkandi Barrage on the Ravi River, halting the water flow to Pakistan and indicating a strategic shift in water management. India has allocated 1150 cusecs of water from Pakistan's share, which will now benefit the region of IIOJK, specifically 3200 hectares of land in Kathua and Samba districts. India has repeatedly engaged in what can be termed as water terrorism against Pakistan, and with this latest project, it further exacerbates the situation by blocking water flow towards Pakistan. India has already constructed numerous dams such as the Bhakra Dam on the Sutlej, Pong and Pandoh Dam on the Beas, and Thein (Ranjitsagar) on the Ravi.
The latest violation of the IWT is the construction of the Shahpurkandi barrage on the Ravi River in the Pathankot district, downstream from the existing Ranjit Sagar Dam. The water released by the Ranjit Sagar Dam is utilized for power generation in Punjab and IIOJK. This project, completed by the irrigation department of the Government of Indian Punjab, comprises a 55.5-meter-high concrete gravity dam, a 7.70 km long hydel channel, two head regulators, and two powerhouses, with a total capacity of 206 megawatts (MW).
Former Indian Prime Minister, P. V. Narasima Rao, laid the foundation of the Shahpurkandi Project in 1995. However, disputes between the governments of IIOJK and Punjab led to delays and the project’s suspension for over four years. In 2006, the current Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, in clear violation of the IWT, pledged to ensure the utilization of waters from the Sutlej, Beas, and Ravi rivers for India. He falsely claimed these waters for India and denied Pakistan's share. Modi established a task force to ensure that every drop of water from these rivers is provided to Indian Punjab and IIOJK.
After the completion of the Shahpurkandi Barrage, the natural resources of the River Ravi will be preserved for India, which were previously flowing to Pakistan. Now, all natural resources will flow to IIOJK. With the flow of water to Pakistan stopped from the River Ravi, IIOJK will be allocated a water source abundantly, receiving 1150 cusecs of water, which was previously destined for Pakistan. This project will now irrigate thousands of acres of farmland in IIOJK.
Addressing the UN Security Council, Pakistan's Permanent Representative to the United Nations, Ambassador Munir Akram, stated that Pakistan aims to reinvigorate the Indus River basin, which provides food security to over 225 million people. Pakistan has called for strict implementation of the 1960 Indus Waters Treaty to address the looming water crisis. To this end, Pakistan has launched multi-dimensional Living Indus project.


The writer is an English Language and World History teacher, currently serving as the Head of the English Department at Headstart School. Furthermore, he works as a teacher and trainer for GRE and SAT at the United States Educational Foundation in Islamabad.
E-mail: [email protected]
 

Article was read 1191 times

Tariq Aqil

The author serves as an English Language and World History teacher and holds the position of Head of the English Department at Headstart School. Additionally, they work as a teacher and trainer for GRE and SAT at the United States Educational Foundation in Islamabad. E-mail: [email protected]

Advertisements