اردو(Urdu) English(English) عربي(Arabic) پښتو(Pashto) سنڌي(Sindhi) বাংলা(Bengali) Türkçe(Turkish) Русский(Russian) हिन्दी(Hindi) 中国人(Chinese) Deutsch(German)
Friday, June 21, 2024 10:04
Finding the Balance – Population Growth and Water Conservation Enabling Tomorrow: Unveiling Pakistan’s Digital Sisterhood Initiatives Mariam Malik – A Promising Squash Player Women’s Mental Health in Pakistan Muscle Spasms: Causes and Management Benefits of Adding Fish to Your Menu The Art of Table Setting for Formal Dinners Mastering the Morning Rush: A Guide to Effortless Dressing for Work Fun Activities for Chilly Winter Evenings Enhancing Facial Features with Precision and Grace Editor’s Note Dysfunctional Family Dynamics and Women Glow from Within by Nourishing Your Skin with DIY Skincare Elixirs Managing Glass Waste: An Eco-Friendly Approach Meal Planning for Beginners Mental Detox – A Break from Social Media Positive Psychology – Minimizing and Maximizing Preventing Parental Burnout Recipes Sister Zeph :A Saint of Education for the Underprivileged Strategies for Reducing Energy Consumption in Pakistan The Chimera of Freedom of Speech: India’s Suppression of Women Journalists in IIOJK Women of Conflict: Life and Struggles of the Women of IIOJK Editor's Note March 23, 1940: Reminiscing the Past For a Bright Future Accelerating Gender Equality through Economic Empowerment Investing in Women: A Catalyst for Progress Navigating Trials and Triumphs of Military Life The Iron Lady (Poem) Isra Arif: An Aspiring Pakistani Watchmaker Rethinking the Educational Landscape and Pakistani Women Eliminate Paper Clutter and Organize Your Life Digitally Fashion to Filters: Impact of Social Media on Body Image 12 Ways to Navigate the Professional Landscape Balanced Diet in Pregnancy Relaxation After Workday – a Need or a Want DIY Face Masks for Radiant Skin Recipes Editor's Note Joint Services Pakistan Day Parade A Powerful Potrayal of the Indomitable Spirit of Women Empowerment Rise of Women-led Health Startups Within Pakistan Achieving Harmony: Prioritizing Women’s Mental and Physical Wellbeing Breaking Barriers: A Woman’s Inspiring Journey to Becoming a Lieutenant Colonel To Daughters of the Nation Overcoming Challenges and Fulfilling Aspirations Beyond Boundaries: Improving Female Mobility in Pakistan’s Public Transport Networks Career Transitions: Navigating Change and Reinventing Yourself Teaching Empathy and Social Skills to Kids Dietary Fiber: Why It Is Beneficial for You Composting: How to Reduce Food Waste at Home Spring 2024: A Fresh Makeup Palette fot the Season Ahead Editor's Note Challenges of Motherhood for Working Women My Beloved Daughter A Walk Down the Memory Lane: UN Mission in Congo Everlasting Memories Unlocking Women’s Potential Through Skills’ Development Arooj Bashir A Comb of Lies: Female Targeted Disinformation Ovarian Cancer – Its Symptoms and Prevention Building Resilience and Grit in Your Children Minimalist Lifestyle: There Can Be More with Less Healthy Aging and Lifestyle Choices What Makes Reading Most Relevant Today Editor's Note SIFC Broadens Women-led Tech Horizons Womenomics and Pakistan: Analyzing Female Labor Participation in Pakistan’s Economy MINUSCA–The Voyage of a CIMIC Peacekeeper Debunking Weight Lose Myths Importance of Understanding & Managing Screen Time in Childern Zero Waste: Single-Use Product and Waste Management Lifestyle with Her Breathing is Exercising Navigating Chaos with Chai and a Smile Style with Her Acne; Breaking the Break–out Cycle Overnight Roast Leg (Parsi Style)
Advertisements

Hilal Her

Strategies for Reducing Energy Consumption in Pakistan

February 2024

Pakistan is presently experiencing a significant energy deficit, one reason for which is the unbridled energy consumption that is impeding economic progress and making daily lives of the populace difficult. The widening disparity between the supply and demand of energy results in regular power outages, impacting industrial production and commercial and home activities. Another critical aspect in this regard is that even though Pakistan has enough water sources to produce hydel power to meet its needs, it has developed reliance on thermal power. This has resulted in an over-dependence on imported fossil fuels for energy production, which is a burden on our economy in addition to contributing to environmental damage. Therefore, Pakistan must bridge the gap between supply and demand of energy using a multi-pronged approach to address the energy crisis.



Inefficient practices, obsolete technologies, and dilapidated energy infrastructure exacerbate the energy crisis in Pakistan. Adopting energy-efficient techniques and technology in industry, transportation, and buildings can significantly decrease energy wastage. The need for sustainable alternatives is growing with time, which can be achieved using limited resources by adopting policies and self-regulating methods. In this article, we will briefly discuss how energy is consumed in our country and explore a few strategies related to energy consumption to help alleviate the energy crisis.
Every citizen plays a crucial role in reducing energy consumption. Simple lifestyle changes can contribute significantly, such as using energy-efficient lighting and appliances, turning off lights where not needed, and appliances when not in use. An essential aspect of energy efficiency is to use energy-efficient lighting. Traditional incandescent light bulbs consume a large amount of energy and produce a significant amount of heat. By replacing them with energy-efficient alternatives such as LED or CFL bulbs, energy consumption can be reduced by up to 80%. Installing motion sensors is also a good idea; this enables lights to turn on when someone approaches them, and turn off after a certain time. This helps keep light usage to a minimum, meaning they are only used when needed. Similarly, upgraded refrigerators, air conditioners, and washing machines consume less energy to perform the same tasks as their conventional counterparts.
A real difference can be made by setting the correct temperature on heating and cooling systems. Even a reduction of one or two degrees will ensure temperature control and significantly affect the amount of energy used. This can be done by using thermostats that regulate and monitor temperatures so that the air conditioning only turns on when the temperature rises or drops from a certain point and turns off once the desired temperature is reached. This is one of the best ways to reduce energy consumption. Another very effective strategy to control temperature and reduce energy consumption is the proper insulation of homes and buildings. Insulation prevents heat transfer, keeping the indoor temperature stable and reducing the need for excessive heating or cooling. Well-insulated roofs, windows, and walls ensure a reduction in energy consumption to maintain optimal temperature. 



Moreover, longer-lasting, high-quality electricity transmission wires (preferably copper) should be used while constructing houses or other private buildings. Although more expensive, this long-term investment has multiple payouts. All these measures will not only help with the energy crisis but also help bring down the electricity bills significantly.
These measures can also help businesses save energy during commercial activities. Public awareness campaigns and educational programs can further empower individuals to make informed choices about their energy usage.
Industries are major energy consumers, and their practices significantly contribute to the overall demand for energy. Implementing energy-efficient technologies on a large scale, optimizing manufacturing processes, and adopting sustainable practices can help industries reduce their energy consumption. Using innovative heating and cooling systems that can automatically adjust the temperature settings as needed by industrial equipment or adjust the cooling intensity based on the outdoor temperature can help significantly reduce energy consumption. By utilizing innovative heating and cooling systems, energy wastage can be minimized on an industrial level.
Adopting solar panels and wind turbines in industries to generate clean and sustainable energy can contribute to significant energy saving. Solar panels convert sunlight into electricity, and wind turbines harness the power of wind to generate electricity. By incorporating these renewable energy technologies, organizations can reduce their reliance on fossil fuel-based energy sources and decrease their carbon footprint.
An important aspect of industrial energy management is to analyze and optimize manufacturing processes. Energy wastage can be identified and minimized by streamlining production lines, optimizing equipment settings, and implementing energy-saving measures such as heat recovery systems.
Enhancing energy conservation in industrial settings involves utilizing waste heat recovery and cogeneration (Combined Heat and Power). Waste heat recovery captures and repurposes heat generated during industrial processes, while cogeneration simultaneously produces electricity and useful heat from a single energy source. Implementing these systems may significantly improve energy efficiency in industrial operations.
On a national level, there is a need to implement policies that promote energy efficiency and sustainability. This includes investing in renewable energy infrastructure, providing incentives for clean energy projects, and enforcing strict regulations on emissions. Additionally, fostering international collaborations for technology transfer and financial support can accelerate the transition to a more sustainable energy landscape. Furthermore, government incentives and regulations within the industrial sector can encourage businesses to invest in cleaner and more efficient technologies, fostering a culture of responsible energy usage.
We can learn some lessons by looking at strategies to reduce consumption and conserve energy that have proven beneficial in the United Kingdom, China, and Malaysia.
United Kingdom: In response to the EU Energy Efficiency Directive, the UK government introduced the Energy Savings Opportunity Scheme (ESOS) in 2014, with compliance guidelines issued in 2015. ESOS operates as a facilitating rather than punitive law, requiring organizations to create comprehensive plans for reducing energy consumption across transport, processes, and buildings. The scheme encourages active monitoring and assessment of performance against these plans, fostering a commitment to energy efficiency within operational frameworks. ESOS compliance can also play a catalytic role in Pakistan in enhancing the trade of environmentally friendly products such as energy-efficient fans.
China: In 2013, China marked a pivotal shift towards renewable energy, surpassing the addition of new fossil fuel-based power plants with an investment of USD 56.3 billion in renewable energy installations, exceeding Europe’s spending. China emerged as a global wind and solar energy leader with a total installed renewable energy capacity of approximately 140,000 megawatts. Furthermore, the country excels in producing solar panels and energy-efficient appliances. The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) presents a significant opportunity for Pakistan to enhance its energy efficiency and integrate renewable energy, with planned projects including the addition of 200 megawatts of wind energy and 1,000 megawatts of solar energy.
Malaysia: The Eleventh Malaysia Plan (2011-2015) covered a particular section, Strategy Paper 17, focused on advancing its renewable energy sector and demand-side management. Additionally, the country is awaiting legal notification for the approval of a draft National Energy Efficiency Action Plan, which is poised to initiate various policy and support mechanisms aimed at promoting energy efficiency and implementing conservation measures on a national scale.
Addressing the energy crisis in Pakistan requires a multi-faceted approach that spans individual, industrial, and national levels. Pakistan can work towards a more sustainable and resilient energy future by prioritizing the development of hydroelectric power, transitioning away from environmentally problematic sources like coal, and encouraging energy-efficient practices. It is imperative for all stakeholders, from citizens to industries and the government, to collaborate in implementing these strategies to ensure a brighter and more sustainable energy landscape for Pakistan.


Email:[email protected]