History is witness to the fact that in certain wars and conflicts, a number of historic wins have been recorded by a smaller force against a much larger enemy. These victories against all odds include the Indo-Pakistan war of 1965 in which Pakistan went to war without a substantial grace period in which forces could be built up, and had to defend against a numerically superior enemy. At the time of partition, even though Pakistan inherited a meagre fraction of the resources, the threat frontier was massive due to a revisionist neighbor. The forces were divided with a ratio of 64 percent for India and 36 percent for Pakistan by the Division Council chaired by Lord Mountbatten. Pakistan also inherited a smaller share of the military assets such as weapons depots and military bases which were located in India, whereas those that existed in the newly-created Pakistan were few, obsolete, and lacked in military resources.
Therefore, 18 years later, when India invaded Pakistan, the Indian military had three times the strength in terms of numbers, however, it didn’t live up to its strength on record despite embarking on a defense modernization journey after the debacle of Sino-Indian war of 1962. It was not only the gallantry and relative superiority of the of the Armed Forces in terms of morale that led to Pakistan’s victory, but another great advantage was that of the nation presenting a united front.
Earlier, in April 1965, Indian forces were discomfited in the Rann of Kutch in a sharp and short conflict, when Pakistan got the better of India militarily. Furthermore, there had been growing disaffection among the Kashmiri population due to our eastern neighbor’s meddling to erode the autonomy of Kashmir. In the year 1963, popular protests erupted after a religious relic was stolen from Hazrat Bal shrine, and similar to the events in 2022, the culprits were never punished.
It is evident from the recent turn of events that the previous miscalculations had been completely ignored, such as the February 2019 provocations, in which two Indian Air Force (IAF) warplanes were shot down by Pakistan Air Force (PAF) and a pilot was taken prisoner. These airstrikes were the first time since the 1971 War that warplanes had crossed the Line of Control. Later, in March 2022, a provocative attack in the form of a supersonic missile had struck Pakistan’s territory, to which DG ISPR, Major General Babar Iftikhar, had responded, "Pakistan strongly protests this flagrant violation and cautions against the recurrence of any such incident in the future.”
Pakistan Armed Forces proved their mettle in the wars and later during the protracted war against terrorism. India’s dream of Akhand Bharat remained a distant dream due to the dauntlessness of Pakistan Armed Forces and the support of the nation. Recently, Pakistan, being a mature state, has shown restraint in the face of aggression, but also emphasized that in the case of violation of its sovereignty, the enemy would be dealt with accordingly.
Coming to the recent events and India’s meddling in other countries’ affairs, as Pakistan planned to hold the second season of Kashmir Premier League in Muzaffarabad, former international cricketers were threatened by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) against taking part in the tournament. As per the tweet of a former South African cricketer, Herschelle Gibbs, “[It is] Completely unnecessary of the @BCCI to bring their political agenda with Pakistan into the equation and trying to prevent me playing in the @kpl_20. Also threatening me saying they won’t allow me entry into India for any cricket related work. Ludicrous.”
Despite Indian’s aggression and nefarious designs, Pakistan continues to support peace and stability both within the region and globally. In lieu of Pakistan’s principled stance of non-intervention, the International Day of Peace celebrated every year on September 21, is a powerful reminder of strengthening the ideals of peace at a time when war, conflicts and violence dominate our headlines.
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