Written By: Amir Zia

So where does Pakistan stand in its make-or-break struggle against religiously-motivated extremism and terrorism? Are we somewhere close to victory against this “internal enemy” or need to slog it out for years and years to come? Is the dream of a peaceful, stable, economically vibrant and strong Pakistan within our grasp or will it continue to elude us?


In these troubled and uncertain times there are hardly easy and straight forward answers to these questions. Our 21st century world – from parts of Middle East to Europe and South to Central Asia – is in turmoil or living in an ever lingering fear of violence and chaos that can be unleashed by the non-state and state actors with the blink of an eye.


Pakistan’s geographical proximity with war-ravaged, lawless Afghanistan and a hostile eastern neighbour, India, means that it has to confront internal as well as external factors in its bid to fight the twin ghosts of extremism and terrorism. This makes Pakistan’s task even more complicated, messy and deadly.


Yes, in this globalized world, it’s not just ideas, information, technology, goods, capital and the politically correct ones, who move briskly, but also those defiant individuals, groups and their baggage, wanting to take on, shake and destroy the system. Therefore, like any other state, Pakistan too has to deal with factors it can influence and those beyond its control. The outside factors, though not the core problem, do act as a catalyst to ignite and sustain the internal conflict and can only be ignored at our own peril.


However, the primary focus of defeating extremism and terrorism – now ingrained in the country’s social fabric – must remain within the geographical frontiers of Pakistan.


It is indeed a Herculean challenge because the process of nurturing, grooming and patronizing the extremist mindset and violent non-state actors was unleashed more than three decades ago as part of a US-led strategy to counter communism. The United States, its Western partners and once the close allies in the East, including Pakistan, are facing the unintended consequences of this policy now. This process cannot be rolled back by merely switching off a button. It requires the use of force as well as painstaking reforms to bring back harmony in the society and establish the rule of law. The journey is arduous and akin to walking a minefield.


Terrorism and extremism have extracted a heavy price from Pakistan. The Global Terrorism Index, prepared by an independent think tank – the Institute for Economics & Peace, includes Pakistan among the world’s top five countries affected the most by terrorism in 2014. Pakistan ranks 4th in this list of top five – lower than Afghanistan, Iraq and Nigeria, while one place higher than Syria. According to the Index, 78 percent of terrorism-related deaths were concentrated in just these five countries.


In 2013, the Global Terrorism Index placed Pakistan at the third position in this list. Though Pakistan, improved its position by moving one place lower in the list, still the situation is far from being satisfactory.

The results for 2015 should be better than the preceding years due to a notable decline in the incidents of terrorism. This gives room for some cautious optimism. The Armed Forces have definitely put terrorists on the back foot since the start of operation Zarb-e-Azb on June 15, 2014. Now terrorists are on the run and no longer enjoying safe havens over large territories in the tribal areas. The border region of North Waziristan no more serves as their undisputed den. Our Armed Forces have smoked them out of almost 90 percent of this tribal belt after tremendous sacrifices. Desperate for revenge and to retain at least some of the diminishing space for themselves, terrorists have repeatedly tried to hit high-value sensitive installations. But they failed to penetrate. In hopeless moves, they turned their guns towards soft targets. Pakistan witnessed one of the worst atrocities in its history when terrorists struck at the Army Public School Peshawar on December 16, 2014. In cold blood, they murdered more than 140 students and teachers. Words fail to describe this tragedy. Planners of the barbaric act thought that it would weaken the nation’s resolve in taking them on. Terrorists thought that this cruelty would strengthen their apologists and naysayers among the civilian leadership, who have been pleading for the so-called peace talks with terrorists and their masterminds so that they could get another lease of life.


But the cowardly APS attack got terrorists the opposite of what they had desired. Pakistan Armed Forces stepped forward – as they always do in moments of crisis – articulating what the nation expected from them both through their words and actions. A resolute action against this “internal enemy” remained the message for both friends and foes. The futile debate led by some mainstream religious and centrist parties, that whether the war against terrorism is our war or not, has also ended.


The civilian leadership agreed to lift the ill-conceived moratorium they imposed on the death penalty since 2008. The military courts got a seal of approval to support the dysfunctional and weak civilian justice system. The security forces escalated efforts to track and hunt down hardened terrorists, their masterminds, abettors and financers across the country. The result: the much feared backlash did not materialize. However, along with the crackdown, there were series of other steps collectively decided by the military and civilian leaders in the aftermath of the APS tragedy under the 20-point National Action Plan (NAP). These planned actions aimed to supplement efforts of the armed forces. But barring the first two points – the execution of convicted terrorists and establishment of special trial courts – not much has been done on the remaining eighteen promises made to the nation.


These included crucial steps such as revamping and reforming the criminal justice system and registration and regulation of religious seminaries. Strengthening and activation of NACTA, countering and controlling the hate-speech and extremist material, choking terror financing and FATA reforms are also the key elements of the NAP. Pakistan doesn’t need an Aristotle to advise that the military-led crackdown and civilian-institutions propelled reforms need to move in tandem for maximum impact and to ensure success in this internal conflict.


Zarb-e-Azb along with operations in Karachi and Balochistan created space for the civil authorities where they could have aggressively pursued the much-delayed reforms and ensured that the non-state actors remain unable to get new recruits.


However, synchronization of the somewhat military and civilian effort remains missing in the fight against the internal enemy. So far this fight proved a lopsided affair rather than moving in a holistic manner. While the military aspect of the operation has been taken care off effectively and on the war footing, reforms are either moving at snail’s pace or have not been initiated at all by the concerned. Also, the mainstream political and religious forces have not initiated any consorted effort to weave a counter-narrative to defeat extremists, who exploit the sacred name of Islam to misguide people and use them as pawns to fulfil their nefarious designs.


This is a bad tiding for Pakistan as it could not result in prolonging the conflict and reversals of gains made in the battlefield in the mid-to-long-run. An open-ended, protracted conflict may suit the non-state actors, but proves damaging if not fatal for a state. The sooner the state establishes its writ and undisputed monopoly over violence the better it would be. Therefore, ideally Pakistan should aim for a swift closure of this internal conflict by eliminating both the actors and the factors responsible for the lawlessness and bloodletting. But despite battlefield successes, Pakistan appears all set for a prolonged, low-intensity simmering internal war.


This internal threat along with the traditional security challenges on the country’s eastern frontiers and a volatile, porous border with Afghanistan could be any country’s security nightmare. It requires a focused, determined, united and active response from the military and civil leaders to mitigate and offset these dangers – out of which the internal one should assume the top priority.


Many independent analysts and experts have long been pointing out the lack of focus on the implementation of NAP. They have also been urging for the past several years that the political and religious leadership need to take the ownership of the war against terrorism and build consensus at least on one point: zero tolerance for the non-state actors, who under any pretext or ideology, target fellow Pakistanis belonging to any sect, faith or ethnicity. This requires more efforts than just a lip-service.


So far the record of the civilian institutions, including the executive and the legislature, is short of desired actions and introducing long term reforms. The apathy and procrastination in dealing with the issue of terrorism is depressing. The leaders had to be coaxed and literally pushed to take whatever little steps they took in fighting terrorists, otherwise several top officials among them kept advocating and favouring talks and deals with the terrorists even hours before the launch of Zarb-e-Azb.


The frustration of majority of Pakistanis and the security forces with this inaction and the continued tragedy of delay is understandable. No wonder, the Corps Commanders Conference, held on Nov 10, “underlined the need for matching governance initiatives for long term gains of the Operation.” The conference also called for progress in the implementation of NAP, including FATA reforms and the swift conclusion of investigations by the joint teams in all important cases. It never meant more than that and the subsequent debates stretched to their own imaginations.


We as a nation need to put our acts together and sincerely support efforts to eradicate not just extremists and terrorists but defeat their mindset once for all. It is not the responsibility of just one institution – no matter how organized, disciplined and popular it is – to fight and win this internal war. It is the duty of all institutions and every thinking Pakistani. Whatever little we can pitch in – collectively and individually – to support this effort through our words and actions need to be pitched without any hesitation or ifs and buts.


Pakistan is at war. It is at war with the internal enemy which is being propped up and sustained by the external forces. These are not the normal times and there cannot be business as usual. It is not the time to focus on the secondary issues. While the Pakistani Armed Forces are playing their historic role, the other institutions and leadership must improve their game and back up this effort through measures that can help defeat the extremist mindset and eliminate its breeding grounds. These are times to form a united front and supplement one another’s efforts to win this internal war, which is far from over. This we owe to our country and the future generations. Pakistan must win this war – the sooner the better. A protracted internal conflict is not in our interest.


The writer is an eminent journalist who regularly contributes for print and electronic media. This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Twitter: @AmirZia1
The cowardly APS attack got terrorists the opposite of what they had desired. Pakistan Armed Forces stepped forward – as they always do in moments of crisis – articulating what the nation expected from them both through their words and actions. A resolute action against this “internal enemy” remained the message for both friends and foes. The futile debate led by some mainstream religious and centrist parties, that whether the war against terrorism is our war or not, has also ended.


August 2014(EDITION 2, Volume 51)
Asif Jehangir Raja
Ever since its emergence as a nation-state on the world map on 14 August 1947, Pakistan has been through different phases of glory and troubles. This phenomenon isn't unique as almost every nation, as we go through the chapters ....Read full article
Prof. Dr. Riaz Ahmad
I have received thousands of letters and telegrams of congratulations, greetings and good wishes from all over India and abroad. It is physically....Read full article
Maj Waheed Bukhari
Since my childhood I was fond of listening to the historical events. With every passing day of my life, this habit became a custom. Few weeks back....Read full article
Ejaz Haider
Pakistan was created with an aim of developing it as a progressive modern country, which could offer equal socio-economic opportunities....Read full article
Ejaz Haider
The basic unit of identity and analysis in today's world is the nation-state. In its current incarnation, it's not a very old concept. Some scholars....Read full article
Maj Gen Muhammad Khalil Dar
14th of August is proudly celebrated as Independence Day because the Muslims of the subcontinent finally freed themselves form yoke of occupation....Read full article
Brig Ehsan Mehmood Khan
Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was one of the most world leaders of his time, who left his mark on all aspects of future statecraft of the subcontinent....Read full article
Feryal Ali Gauhar
The Political Problem of Mankind is to combine Three Things: Economic Efficiency, Social Justice And Individual Liberty (John Maynard Keynes)....Read full article
Dr. Akber S. Ahmed

On the western front frowned the eagle

mighty Caesar in imperial regalia regal....Read full article

Juggun Kazim
But what is happiness except the simple harmony between a man and the life he leads?.Now if happiness is true harmony between....Read full article
Naila Inayat
In these times, when everything around you seems disastrous, you hope to find a light at the end of the tunnel. I don't remember the last time....Read full article
Salman Rashid
Raja Afrasiab, the Sarangal Gakkhar, lives in a lovely old haveli of the classical design in village 'Hur Do Chir'.I had imagined this meant....Read full article
Maj Farooq Feroze (Miranshah)
The sudden beautiful drizzling marked with mystic fragrance brought a pleasant change in weather in the spacious ground....Read full article
Brig Dr Muhammad Khan
The basic provision of the international law is that: “individuals should not be arbitrarily deprived of their lives, and homicide should be deterred....Read full article


Dr. Rizwana Abbasi
Ours is a world of nuclear giants and ethical infants. We know more about war than we know about peace, more about killing than....Read full article
Tahir Mehmood
Our world does not have a long history; if not in religious sense then at least in political and economic evolution. The Paleolithic....Read full article
Salma Mohammad Hassni
am using my pen at a time when my native province Balochistan is facing many problems in its educational system owing to the negligence....Read full article
Zubair Torwali
Although the idyllic Swat valley is now known more for the worst ever Taliban atrocities during 2007-09 but it still remains the cherished....Read full article
Afia Nathaniel
There have been numerous articles written about the state of our film industry, the past glories, the dismal failure along the way and....Read full article
Lt Col Sohail Akbar Bajwa
It was an evening as usual in Quetta as I was retiring at my residence and was enjoying the programmes of Independence Day on TV. It was ....Read full article
Ms Maryam Imran
Ever since I wedded you, I have never seen your spirits to falter; it would be very naïve to ask you traditionally about your spirits, but....Read full article
Asif Jehangir Raja
Today, the challenge we face from the east, in terms of lethality, is no different than the one we face from the west....Read full article
November 2014(EDITION 5, Volume 51)
Asif Jehangir Raja
On June 15, 2014, Pakistan Army launched Operation Zarb-e-Azb as a national effort to establish peace and enforce writ of the state, particularly in North Waziristan Agency and across entire FATA. So far the operation has proceeded according to the plan and terrorists have been flushed out from their highly fortified safe havens and sanctuaries. Complete success in Operation Zarb-e-Azb....Read full article
m hussain
Mushahid Hussain Sayed
For parliamentarians belonging to the Senate Defence Committee, it was truly a unique and unprecedented experience when they paid....Read full article
arif nizami
Arif Nizami
The Pakistani Military is seemingly confronted with a possible three front situation. As General Raheel Sharif, Chief of Army Staff (COAS)....Read full article
dr sania nishtar
Dr. Sania Nishtar
Pakistan is blessed with immense opportunity but this beautiful land and its wonderful people continue to face several challenges....Read full article
dr gulfraz ahmed
Dr. Gulfraz Ahmed
Human knowledge and human intellect have been building progressively during the course of human history. Intellect grows in the very act of living....Read full article
reham khan
Reham Khan
setting a call from a not so friendly show, from a not so friendly neighbour makes you think twice on the best of days and you....Read full article
reham mushtaq
Rehan Mushtaq
Current Indian hostility, along the LOC and the Working Boundary, is third major escalation post-2003 ceasefire....Read full article
fareha altaf
Frieha Altaf
There is an odd sense of identity in the deely -rooted traditional jamawears, ruffled chundris and a banarsi bodice, which depict how Pakistani....Read full article
Tahir Mehmood
Another long working day for Hayat Ullah had just commenced. He began working in his field like many other residents of Sissan Manna....Read full article


dr rizwan khan
Dr. Rizwan Khan (Georgia, USA)
Ebola means "black river", an ominous and befitting definition. It was discovered in 1976, in a small village in the Democratic Republic of Congo....Read full article
dr maria sultan
Dr. Maria Sultan
War is the art of the possible and strategy only codifies the method of destruction and victory.It is in this context the Pakistani....Read full article
mehar omer khan
Mehar Omer Khan
The entire debate about anti-terrorism narrative has been missing the point. It invariably proposes a historically flawed direct....Read full article
Brig (Retd) Tariq Javed
Whenever word management or project management is uttered by an army officer, the audience assume that the point being ....Read full article
maria khalid
Maria Khalid
We often marvel at how the architecture and design together create an amazing landscape of a house. Every small element always relates....Read full article
April 2014(EDITION 10, Volume 50)
Asif Jehangir Raja
As he turned back and waved his hand to say Allah Hafiz to his mother, wife and daughter before mounting jeep to move to the operational area; none had the idea, it was the last time they were together as a family. He reached his unit, moved for the operation and embraced Shahadat. Wrapped up in the National Colour, his coffin was brought....Read full article
Arif Nizami
The state is engaged in crucial talks with ‘Islamic’ militants to bring an end to rampant terrorism eating into its very entrails. Negotiations with the TTP (Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan) are still very tenuous and at an incipient state. No one is sure they....Read full article
Dr Farrukh Saleem
An insurgency is “an organized rebellion aimed at overthrowing a constituted government through the use of subversion and armed conflict.” How will the insurgency against Pakistan end? There are three possible outcomes....Read full article
Hina Asim
With a high grade fever, running nose and some hidden uneasiness, I waved for the one last time to Asim, who was going back to duty on 2 February 2010 after spending few days leave at Multan. He was posted at Multan, but was asked to fly mission in FATA....Read full article
Asif Jehangir Raja
Dr Akbar S. Ahmed is an eminent scholar of international repute. He is the Ibn Khaldun Chair of Islamic Studies at American University in Washington, D.C. His most recent book is ‘The Thistle and the Drone: How America's War on ....Read full article
Dr Sania Nishtar
Privatization has become an intensely polarized subject in Pakistan with politically charged rhetoric dominating discussions. Substantive debates around its policy rationale and the institutional prerequisites necessary ....Read full article
Ahmer Bilal Soofi
Lawfare is a recently coined phrase which has found traction in international political discourse and which has since been interpreted to refer to a variety of different elements. The phrase has, however, aptly been summed up as a doctrine by David Kennedy....Read full article
Naila Inayat
These days it has really become difficult to keep up with the mass media debates on defining a 'traitor,' the norm of labelling one as a traitor as opposed to a loyalist has become the norm of the day. Sometimes the mere use of terms....Read full article
Lt Col Mehar Omar Khan
This is not an obituary. Obituaries are for the dead and hasn't God said, those who fall for His cause and the cause of humanity never die. This is not a tribute either, for no words have the glow befitting the glory that is selfless service to one's nation....Read full article
Col Ehsan Mehmood Khan
Due to the nature of international state system and global security structure, the situation in any country today cannot be studied in isolation. All countries are beaded into the same geostrategic string and the entire world is part of the same geo-political atlas....Read full article
Dr Shabana Fayyaz
“Terrorism has a purpose, writing it off as a mindless and irrational activity is not useful at all” (Bruce Hoffman) Men, Mind and Material are critical elements in pursuing political violence by the non-state actors (in this case, the terrorists) against the state....Read full article
Muhammad Abubakar
It was 28 June 2009, I was with my family, living in Peshawar, when I heard the news that my father had been shot in the head by the Taliban and had embraced “Shahadat”. I didn't understand it at that time and I didn't pay much attention ....Read full article
Lt Col Kamal Anwar Chaudhary
It was on October 3, 1993, that the US intelligence found clue of a secret meeting to take place in Olympia Hotel, a two-story building in the heart of Mogadishu City. It was learnt that General Farah Aidid, the notorious warlord....Read full article
Didier Chaudet
When one thinks about the regional impact of the Afghan issue after 2014, the consequences for Pakistan come first to mind. And it is something natural: the historical, human and geopolitical links are of great importance between the two countries....Read full article
Maj Sohail Akbar Bajwa
Colonel Omer is serving in Pakistan Army since 1986. He suffered from spinal injury due to an accident in 1994, when he was a Captain. It rendered him paraplegic (chest down paralysis) with a major disability. But despite being wheelchair ridden since that day....Read full article
Dr Zafar Mahmood
Exchange rate of Pak rupee with dollar was fixed up to 1982 when the Central Bank (CB) used to intervene in the market to defend the fixed rate. Afterwards, exchange rate was left to the market to determine as is now in Pakistan....Read full article
Tahir Mehmood
This process is never ending: the war of words often gets replaced by means of violence, mutual exhaustion, desires for peace, a short pause, and again, the pursuit of dominance continues. The war of Man versus Man, and, the Men versus ....Read full article
Azam Mairaj
Since the creation of Pakistan, the Christian sons of soil never hesitated to sacrifice their lives for defence of motherland. They always stood shoulder to shoulder with their Muslim brethren to shed their blood for the noble cause of defending Pakistan....Read full article
Humera Karim
Salma Rasool is from Khuzdar, Balochistan. Her father was murdered by BLA in 2008 for his pro-Pakistani stance. Later her brother was also murdred by same people in 2013. But brave Salma Rasool stood for her family....Read full article
Maj Gen (Retd) Salim Ullah
Most war accounts that appeared soon afterwards were predictably subjective. Little credible information had been released to public view from either side. In China, understandably, no analytical accounts could be expected. In India, however, with ....Read full article

Brig Anwar Ahmed
25 February 2005, like most other days in the year, was a moderate day in Bunia, the eastern part of Democratic Republic (DR) of Congo. William Lacy Swing, the Senior Representative of the Secretary General (SRSG), was on helicopter tour with eleven ambassadors from various countries and was convincing them on stable security....Read full article
The region of Tharparkar is spread over 22,000 square kilometres, and has a population of about 1.5 million, residing in 2,300 villages and urban settlements. The area is divided into six talukas – Mithi, Islamkot, Chhachhro, Dihly, Diplo and Nangarparkar ....Read full article
Capt Kanwal Kiani
The sunrise of 3 March 2014 was usual for everyone but not for the few families of Islamabad whose dear ones had left homes for routine work but were destined to leave this world forever. Mr. Tariq Nasrullah Malik and his family were one of them....Read full article
Maj Faqeer Hussain (Liberia)
Mankind has always been beset by the 'difference’; of opinion, of faith and of way of living. Few 'constants', however, remain unwilling to be changed or reduced to 'insignificance', whatever the miracles the science can bring about; these are humanism....Read full article
Lt Col Fahd Bin Sultan
On a pleasant afternoon of October 1997 at Jhelum, a Tonga entered from the main gate of 46 Supply and Transport (S&T) Battalion and stopped in front of the unit office area. A tall handsome young man with thick moustaches dismounted ....Read full article
Lubna Sunawar
The Durand Line is an international border between Pakistan and Afghanistan that was drawn under an agreement which was signed by The Foreign Secretary of the British Colonial Government of India, Sir Mortimer Durand and ....Read full article
Capt Sana Nasri
Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) elements are robots which are used in Counter-IED operations. EOD tasks are focused upon the activities of detection, mitigation, Improvised Explosive Device Disposal (IEDD), and also exploitation....Read full article
Sarah Tareen
It is useful to first define what we mean by modern film-making technology. The revolution in electronics that resulted in the transistor, the microprocessor and the computer and all its offspring; phones, gadgets, cameras....Read full article
Asif Jehangir Raja
Q. Most of our cricketers claim to have started playing the game in the streets and later rose to the national / international level. Being a female how did you manage to learn cricket and rise to become captain of Pakistan Team?....Read full article
No one out of those nine ordinary teens from Pakistan Street Football team would ever had wondered that they could defeat their adversary India by 13-0 in the very first match of the street Football world cup 2014, of course, it was a dream start....Read full article
Kuniko Nakamura
My years in Pakistan started with the bombing of the Marriott and ended with the capture of Osama Bin Laden. During those tumultuous years, I felt myself shrinking and going numb after each bomb blast. Pakistan's political violence was ....Read full article
January 2014(EDITION 7, Volume 50)
Asif Jehangir Raja
Eyes straight, minds focused, spirits high, feet firm, and dreaming to rise – these are Gentlemen Cadets (GCs) at Pakistan Military Academy (PMA) on the day of passing out parade. As the cadets of PMA Long Course ....Read full article
Arif Nizami
Media in Pakistan is a success story. It is free, independent and increasingly assertive. It is playing a pivotal role in formulating public opinion and keeping the executive in check. In tandem with a fearlessly independent higher judiciary it has helped in introducing....Read full article
Ahmed Quraishi
By taking itself too seriously on the question of its claim to a permanent Security Council seat, it appears that India has set itself up for disappointment (amounting embarrass-ment) at the international level. The United Nations (UN) reform process should....Read full article
Didier Chaudet
Recent events could give the feelings that some of the Pakistan's neighbours are getting closer to each other, maybe in a way that could be detrimental for Islamabad's interests. Everybody has in mind, of course, the recent President Karzai's visits....Read full article
Maj Asif Jehangir Raja
Question: You started your education from Karachi, had a vision to study science and obtained PhD from Cambridge University during 1960s. How has this journey been all along? Answer: It has been an exciting journey all along....Read full article
Shahid Ali Khan Baloch
Balochistan is always projected as an area having many problems. For the last decade or so it has turned into a playing field of different regional and global powers. Intelligence agencies of different countries have been using politically and ideologically....Read full article
Col Ehsan Mehmood Khan
“A federation is a union comprised of a number of partially self-governing states (or provinces) united by a central (“federal”) government,” notes Zhenis Kembayev in Legal Aspects of the Regional Integration Processes in the Post-Soviet Area....Read full article
Dr Zafar Mehmood
What are the structural problems of an economy? These are essentially the structural imbalances that act as binding constraints to sustained economic growth and development. In case of Pakistan the structural problems include: disproportionately higher involvement....Read full article
Maj Asif Jehangir Raja
Question. According to the State of Environment Report of 2005, Pakistan had per capita availability of 5300 Cubic Meter (m3) water in 1951 which has fallen to 850 m3 in 2013. It is even projected to come down to 659 m3 in 2025. How can situation of water be improved in Pakistan....Read full article
Salman Rashid
Balochistan was the greatest railway adventure there was in Pakistan. It drubbed the much-flaunted Khyber Pass train by miles. I wish I could talk of it in the present tense, but sadly that is not the case. It was once a great railway adventure....Read full article
Tughral Yamin
As we spill into the year 2014, the US departure from Afghanistan draws inexorably towards an end, the fate of our Western neighbour looks increasingly uncertain. There is a dreadful feeling that any chaos that may take place in the aftermath of the withdrawal of the....Read full article
Lt Col Ali Raza
In democratic political settings, public opinion is essence of governance which not only facilitates rulers in implementation of their policies smoothly but can also remove irritants in political spheres. In the words of William Shakespeare....Read full article
Naila Inayat
He had said “We will fight them until the last drop of blood”, and he indeed fought them till the very last drop of his blood. How often had we seen an animated Chaudhry Aslam, a top counter-terrorism police officer, on our TV screens, belligerently talking ....Read full article
Brig Dr Muhammad Khan
Extremism and terrorism are the biggest threats to the state of Pakistan. These internal threats have grown over the years and now a stage has reached where this menace is challenging the national integrity and social harmony of Pakistan....Read full article

Dr M. F. Khokhar and Lokhaiz Ali
Many glaciers and snowpacks around the world are receding. The rates and timing of glacial wasting, the volume of ice melt that causes a net loss of glacier volume, vary and the causes are complex. In most instances there are multiple influences....Read full article
Brig Muhammad Khalil Dar
Rawalpindi is usually associated with Taxila when it comes to historical sites. But if one draws a circle of 100 kms (01:30 hour drive) around Rawalpindi, it is startling to find that there are many sites with echoes of history spread over thousands of years....Read full article
Lt Col Shah Jahan
Air pollution is continuously affecting the human health adversely. The degenerating conditions of the atmosphere due to reduction of Ozone gas layer are accelerating the level of carbon dioxide beyond acceptable limits which is highly injurious to human life and the plants....Read full article
Maj Fahad Hafeez
Liberia is a country in West Africa; bordered by Sierra Leone to its west, Guinea to its north, Côte d'Ivoire to its east and Atlantic Ocean in its south. It is the only country in Africa founded by United States colonization while occupied by native Africans....Read full article
Brig (Retd) Simeenber Rehman
Dr sahib I just want to be fair, want a glowing skin, want to look fresh... These are the words I hear day in and day out from each of my younger patients whether they are boys or girls. The question is why this sudden fad has engulfed our....Read full article
Sana Nasri
The gadgets that we dreamed of in sci-fi films are becoming a reality. I would like to go take you all back in your memory lane to the famous movies like Star Trek, Star Wars, War of the Worlds, UFO, Planet of the Apes or any movie related to space and aliens....Read full article
Maria Mir Kashif
Weekend is a time when one may tends to relax in his/her own way and may browse through websites and TV channels to look for something interesting. During the last weekend, while I was switching channels on the TV....Read full article
Fauji Fertilizer Company (FFC) links its well being with the prosperity of Pakistan. FFC is an associated concern of Fauji Foundation. It contributes 43% of its profits towards welfare projects of Fauji Foundation which....Read full article
Shamaim Bajwa
International Mountain Day was observed on 11th December, 2013. Mountains are a source of freshwater, energy and food – resources that will be increasingly scarce in coming de-cades. However, mountains are also extremely vulnerable to climate change....Read full article
February 2014(EDITION 8, Volume 50)
Asif Jehangir Raja
Training of the army is undertaken with the perceived enemy threat in view. Conduct modalities of training are also driven by the similar factor wherein, troops are trained to fight in the nearly real time environments. Pakistan Army accords top priority ....Read full article
Javed Jabbar
As conventional mainstream media continue to pervade the globe, as new media through the internet and cell phones aim to place humanity virtually inside an envelope, our Armed Forces in general and the Pakistan Army in particular face ....Read full article
Zafar Hilaly
Whether or not a global clash of civilizations, a la Huntington, is likely, we in Pakistan, seem to be in the throes of something similar. Currently, the cause for which so many gave their lives... a democratic Pakistan comprising free elections, an independent judiciary....Read full article
Asif Jehangir Raja
Dr Maleeha Lodhi is a political scientist, diplomat, journalist and academician. She had been the High Commissioner of Pakistan to the United Kingdom and prior to that, twice as Pakistan’s Ambassador to the United States. She was Resident Fellow....Read full article
Jennifer McKay
The landmark meeting between the Director Generals Military Operations of Pakistan and India on 24 December 2013 to strengthen mechanisms to ensure the sanctity of the ceasefire on the Line of Control (LOC), signalled a new turn in the....Read full article
Col Ehsan Mehmood Khan
A person or a group is known by some linkages, associations, relationships, expressions and attributes. All these combine to create a view what is called identity in the simplest known terms. Usually considered as part of the social sciences, such as sociology ....Read full article
In 1957, Pakistan Narcotics Board (PNB) was established in the Revenue Division to fulfil Pakistan's obligations under the International Opium Convention of 1925. The PNB consisted of representatives from the provincial governments and some federal ministries....Read full article
Didier Chaudet
For the last few years, more or less regularly, there had been terrorist attacks in Russia. The terrorist attacks in Volvograd were only the last example of a security-related problem that has been around for a while. The international media talks about it....Read full article
Dr Zafar Mehmood
After many ups and downs during the intensive consultations between developed and developing countries, the 9th Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization (WTO) concluded successfully in Bali, Indonesia on December 7, 2013....Read full article
Maj Gen (Retd) Salim Ullah
When Neville Maxwell published his historic treatise in 1970, the title (India's China War) intrigued the reader and critic alike. The book soon became a best seller on the news stand and was adopted as a text book by staff colleges around the world....Read full article
Mariam Malik
Keeping tabs on Pakistan's polio 'End Game' is not for the faint-hearted. Each month is a news of a fresh batch of innocent lives being affected either by the disease itself, or by the militants, who, blinded by false premise of faith, are bent on destroying all efforts....Read full article
Asif Jehangir Raja
Q. Hailing from Waziristan belt of tribal areas, how did you emerge as a squash player of international repute?
Answer: My childhood had been very exciting. I grew up as a tomboy and was called as Changez Khan by my friends and family (Genghis Khan, one of history's great warriors)....Read full article
Tahir Mehmood
“Why don't you read?” “Well, I am a busy man. My family, relatives and their day-to-day issues – these all keep me occupied.” “But life needs wisdom, and that is never found in mundane. Can you devote sometime from the ....Read full article
Maj Gen Muhammad Khalid
Indeed, man was created in the best of form. The journey from birth till adult life is an arduous one where various factors mould, break or build the persona and leave an ever impressionable legacy. Fortunate are those who come across sincere and....Read full article

Brig Muhammad Khalil Dar
While flying over Shahur Tangi in South Waziristan Agency (SWA), one is irresistibly lured into imagining the ordeal of British Indian officers and soldiers who were ambushed by Mehsud fighters in April 1936. A total of seven officers and ....Read full article
Lt Col Mehar Omar Khan
In normal times, ordinary people lead ordinary lives and small places have small stories. But we, a large nation of 19.7 million people, have been lumbering through a period of extraordinary importance – “interesting times” as a Chinese curse....Read full article
Maj Tassawar Farooq (Liberia)
In January 2014, Pakistani Medical Hospital along with William Tubman University and National Association of Women University, Liberia conducted a 'Health Fair' at Harper City in Liberia. The activity was indented to....Read full article
Col Sohail Akbar Khan
The history of religious extremism in Pakistan does not go back very far but rather is a recent phenomenon. It can be traced back to Soviet invasion of Afghanistan when under the patronage of USA and its lead intelligence agency; the CIA, Jihad was waged against....Read full article
Every year, women and men alike, look forward to the new trends to follow in a hope to improve their looks. 2014 is no different but before jumping on to the bandwagon of following any particular hair and beauty trend, one must not fall slave to the trends....Read full article
Dr Nauman Niaz
International cricket has been sabotaged; the BIG 3 is a recipe for disaster. It is going to be story of devastation and to us as orthodox and conventional, it seems to be reinventing colonialism. Philosophically, ethically and morally it seems to be another....Read full article
Capt Sana Nasri
The 'Future Integrated Soldier Technology' (FIST) is a project initiated by the UK Ministry of Defence. It will provide an integrated fighting system for dismounted and close combat troops. The FIST programme is in advanced stage of development and is expected to be completed ....Read full article
March 2014(EDITION 9, Volume 50)
Asif Jehangir Raja
Pakistan is confronted with security challenges, both from internal and external enemies. While we have a neighbour that maintains a massive force structure across Eastern borders, there is existence of extremist elements within our society, though ....Read full article
Dr Hasan Askari Rizvi
Change is the essence of global politics. The challenge for a state is to recognize the changing trends and make necessary adjustments in its approach to other countries and the global system. The broad goals of a state may remain unaltered, the strategies have to be updated ....Read full article
Brian Cloughley
“We have declared that the fate of Kashmir is ultimately to be decided by the people. That pledge we have given, and the Maharajah has supported it, not only to the people of Kashmir but to the world. We will not and cannot back out of it.”....Read full article
Ejaz Haider
Even as the internal security threat to Pakistan increases, the country continues to debate whether the threat is to be countered through dialoguing with the adversary or fighting him. Leaving aside the fact that a complex conflict situation cannot be reduced ....Read full article
Amir Zia
A leading English-language monthly magazine carried Pakistan's founding father Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah's caricature on the cover of its February issue, showing him espousing a beard instead of the familiar clean-shaven face we all know....Read full article
The Indian military is facing a moment where it has to choose between fighting the debilitating effects of a slow economy after 2011 versus the pursuit of a largely Pakistan-specific military buildup....Read full article
Dr Fariha Zeeshan
Military wounds typically occur through ballistic trauma and high-energy transfer, as even on routine operations soldiers may become injured in accidents. However, when discussing military wounds, we usually refer to those sustained through gunshots....Read full article
Capt Muhammad Arbab
Pakistan made a new record. Pakistanis are feeling proud. People are clapping, friends are standing with me, family members are watching me live on TV. I was looking at the crowd in disbelief, thinking that was it really me; a world record holder....Read full article
Col Ehsan Mehmood Khan
“The objectives of foreign policy must be defined in terms of the national interest and must be supported with adequate power.” – Hans J. Morgenthau Interests form to be the nucleus of human relationships from individual to communities, and nations to alliances. The term 'interest' is used in a number of ways and with ....Read full article
Maj Asif Jehangir Raja
Q: Briefly explain us the external and internal security challenges Pakistan is facing today? What and how should we prioritize the response so as not to lose balance against any of the foes? Answer: Pakistan is bedeviled by both external and internal challenges at present....Read full article
Didier Chaudet
Were India and Israel supposed to be friends? Not necessarily, when one looks at history. It is, perhaps, forgotten today that New Delhi had voted against the creation of Israel at the UN in 1947. Still in the United Nations' ....Read full article
Dr Zafar Mahmood
A sovereign debt default occurs when a country does not meet a debt payment (principal or interest), i.e., it fails to meet the terms of a contractual agreement. A country that repudiates its debt faces the threat of sanctions such as loss of access to short-term ....Read full article
Salman Rashid
The sun set and the blue welkin above turned a nameless colour – the same as the dunes around us. The lowing of cattle and the dong-dong of their bells died down. And so too the bleating of the goats. Only the occasional harsh bray of an ass broke the silence....Read full article

Maj Gen (Retd) Salim Ullah
The first dispute was related to the North East, created by the British, specifically by Olaf Caroe – the Lawrence of India – in the mid 1930s. He resurrected the idea of annexing a swathe of Chinese territory in the Northeast, in order to give India what ....Read full article
Asif Jehangir Raja
Q1. You were born in England and have your roots in Pakistan. Please tell us something about your upbringing and family background. Answer: My family is originally from Matore in Pakistan. It is a town in Tehsil Kahuta, District Rawalpindi. This is where my grandparents came from and I still have ....Read full article
Dr Qaiser Chaudry
Man has always sought help from the Nature to solve the queries. Be it Newton's exploration of law of gravity, seeing an apple falling to ground or water spilling from Archimedes tub to solve for purity of gold, nature has always come to the rescue....Read full article
As spring edges closer to most parts of the country, it is time to let go of heavy moisturizers and dark colours to make way for effortlessness of spring. As it is with our fashion choices transition to more fresh and light fabrics and materials, the beauty regime requires similar endeavours....Read full article
Mohsin Fazal
The Tourism Development Corporation of Punjab (TDCP) is a well known organization working for the development of tourism in Pakistan. In order to promote adventure sports, different events are organized in the country. These events include famous Cholistan ....Read full article
May 2014(EDITION 11, Volume 50)
Asif Jehangir Raja
Youth has a pivotal role to play in future progress of any country. The investment in education to build up a well groomed youth should be the priority of every nation as it is an important tool to get rid of poverty and is vital for prosperity. History is full of examples where even poor nations could see the dawn of progress....Read full article
Jennifer McKay
Recently I conducted a major research project on behalf of the Asian Disaster Preparedness Centre in Bangkok and the United Nations Office of Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR). The research evaluated progress in how Disaster....Read full article
Ahmed Quraishi
When India is discussed, the violent insurgencies affecting millions of Indians often fail to register. The credit for this goes to Indian politicians, media and think-tank types who continue to keep the lid on a terrifying reality: that the large Indian....Read full article
Asif Jehangir Raja
Dr Maria Sultan is the Chairperson and the Director General of the South Asian Strategic Stability Institute (SASSI) University. She was the founding co-director of the SASSI Unit at the Bradford Disarmament Research Centre (BDRC), University ....Read full article
Col Ehsan Mehmood Khan
India, as a state and society, is home to conflicting paradoxes. On the one hand, it has a reasonably evolved democracy struggling to adjudicate the interests of the people from a host of ethno-linguistic and religio-sectarian communities....Read full article
Didier Chaudet
Before going further, it is important to keep in mind this article has been written during the first half of May. Still, its analysis will stay valid no matter what could happen before it is published: we are far ahead enough in the electoral process for the most important results ....Read full article
Dan Ward
In the middle of November 2011, I left Washington DC and flew to Kabul, Afghanistan for a six month deployment to the headquarters of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF). I'd been in the US Air Force for 17 years and had seen many parts of the world....Read full article
Dr Zafar Mehmood
The Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) is a formal system of exemption from the more general rules of the World Trade Organization (WTO). Specifically, it's a system of exemption from the Most Favoured Nation (MFN) principle treatment ....Read full article
Brig Rashid Wali Janjua
The providence has been munificent in bestowal of its bounties upon Pakistan and Gwadar is one such treasure that lies unclaimed due to desultory planning and the lack of right focus. It is a natural deep sea water port that can outshine all such regional ....Read full article
Lt Col Kashif Mehmood
In the aftermath of earthquake of 24 September 2013, Pakistan Army was deployed in Awaran and affected areas for conduct of earthquake rescue and relief operations. The massive earthquake of 7.8 magnitude and aftershocks left area in a deplorable state....Read full article
Brig Dr Nadir Ali
Human body is made up of trillions of the cells which perform different functions. Group of the cells responsible for personality and intellectual performance are called as nerve cells. Similarly group of cells performing functions of protein manufacture and disposal....Read full article

Lt Col Shafiq Malik
Pakistan is one of three countries where polio is still categorized as an endemic viral infection. Other two countries include Afghanistan and Nigeria. Pakistan is the only country that recorded 93 number of polio cases in 2013. In 2014 alone, 62 polio cases have been reported....Read full article
Maj Muhammad Junaid Khan
In technical terms, invisibility should be considered as a supreme form of camouflage, as it does not give out any kind of vital, visual, or any of the frequencies of the electromagnetic spectrum including radio, infrared, ultra violet, etc. Various advancements have been....Read full article
Naida Hussain
Long sunny days, short nights, tanned skin, and extended working hours; the warmest of all four seasons, summer has set in Pakistan. Although trends in fashion do change rapidly, different seasons and weathers are mostly the cause of this change....Read full article
June 2014(EDITION 12, Volume 50)
Asif Jehangir Raja
“All truths are easy to understand once they are discovered; the point is to discover them,” said Galileo Galilei, an Italian astronomer and philosopher. Federal Budget for the year 2014-15 amounting Rs. 4.3 trillion was presented before....Read full article
Zafar Hilaly
The Nobel laureate Arundhati Roy believes corporate India backed Narendra Modi and financed his election because Modi would not shirk bloodying those who oppose granting mining and land rights to big corporations. Whether or not that's true....Read full article
Brian Cloughley
The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, NATO, was formed by twelve countries on 4 April 1949 with the objectives of “deterring Soviet expansionism, forbidding the revival of nationalist militarism....Read full article
Dr. Farrukh Saleem
Arundhati Roy: “Now, we have a democratically elected totalitarian government.” Kuldip Nayar: “I see induction of religion in politics.”Ambrose Evans-Pritchard (The Telegraph): “India's economic model has essentially failed....Read full article
Amir Zia
At a time when Pakistan remains stuck in a low-to-modest growth and relatively high-inflationary cycle since fiscal 2008, allocation of resources for the country's vital needs – from development to defence – remains ....Read full article
Ejaz Haider
Fighting wars is complex business. It is not just about using kinetic means. In today's wars, just like in ancient and medieval times, non-kinetic means are as important, often more so. Nor is fighting merely about winning many battles....Read full article
Asif Jehangir Raja
Pakistan has to be part of global economic market as a progressive and responsible nation state. Isolation is no option. We need to change our thinking paradigms while handling economic matters....Read full article
Col Ehsan Mehmood Khan
The failure of erstwhile League of Nations to prevent outbreak of World War II collapsed the wishful notion of collective security in Europe and elsewhere in the world. In the aftermath of World War II, a more potent international body 'the United Nations (UN)' was established in....Read full article
5th June is celebrated as 'Pakistan Peacekeepers Day' every year to pay tribute to all those who sacrificed their lives for the world peace while serving under the banner of United Nations (UN). This Day was institutionalized on 5 June 1993 ....Read full article
Capt Humera Javed
Manipulating the brain to enhance war fighting capabilities and maintaining mental acuity on the battlefield has long been a topic of interest for various military research labs but the technology to do so remains limited. Deep Brain ....Read full article
Dr. Zafar Mahmood
Federal Budget for the fiscal year 2014-15 was presented on 3 June 2014. The total outlay/expenditure of the budget is Rs. 4,302 billion, which is 7.9% higher than the previous budget. The budget has been presented at a time when economic indicators appear to be appearing promising....Read full article

Dr. Rizwana Abbasi
Nuclear deterrence in South Asia is linked with two different categories of states: India – a revisionist, and Pakistan – a status quo state. For example, the contention of former country's nuclear policy-making was originated from distinct values attributed....Read full article
Capt Kanwal Kiani
“Since 2007 till date, I am representing Pak Army at national level and have won many medals. It is always hard work that pays off at the end. Armed Forces are defenders of the frontiers and it is an honour for me to remain associated with Pak Army....Read full article
Syed Saim A. Rizvi
It was hot and humid evening at Jinnah International Airport, Karachi on 8 June 2014. Rush was as usual as I checked in and settled down in the waiting lounge with my cup of coffee; looking at runway lights through the glass. I was proceeding to Frankfort via Dubai ....Read full article
Juggun Kazim
The past few years have seen many new trends in the entertainment segments of Pakistani media. While on the one end, audience is appreciating the introduction of latest technology, on the other hand, the influx of foreign content ....Read full article
Lt Col Jawad Riaz Bajwa
As I was communicating with my '2nd-in-Command', Maj Jalal Ud Din Tareen Shaheed, and other command echelons through wireless-set on 21 May 2014 – while we were engaged in exchange of fire with the foreign terrorists in North ....Read full article
July 2014(EDITION 1, Volume 51)
Asif Jehangir Raja
Pakistan is fighting the war against the menace of terrorism for the last over one decade. The Pakistani society has suffered hugely across all human spheres that ....Read full article
Rasul Bakhsh Rais
Our security forces have been fighting a war against the Taliban in the tribal areas that has now extended beyond that troubled zone....Read full article
Ejaz Haider
In ancient times, when armies, very small numbers compared to today's militaries, faced each other, one of the most coveted thrusts....Read full article
Colonel Ehsan Mehmood Khan
International borders are geographic demarcations between the nation states. Borders take the form of physical land boundaries....Read full article
Dr. Ashfaque H. Khan
Strong economy and strong defence are considered to be the two pillars of the state. A strong economy can ensure strong defence....Read full article
Asghar Ali
Political changes in Pakistan in recent past have taken place with parallel strides on regional security management and general demand....Read full article
Amir Mustafa
World Population Datasheet estimates show Pakistan's population to reach 363 million by 2050 which will rank Pakistan as world's sixth....Read full article
Shah Talha Sohail
The students from Pakistan are known for their talent, brilliance and hard work. Despite less resources, students from different fields....Read full article
Lt Gen (Retd) Shafaat Ullah Shah
In punitive days of 1971 War, 2/Lt Shafaat, in forward concentration area on Western Border, asked his Battalion Commander....Read full article


Ahmed Quraishi
India is known for religious riots and pogroms, probably one of the most affected countries in the world.But a lesser known....Read full article
Vaneeza Ahmed
Let me start by expressing my appreciation for the Armed Forces of Pakistan and the great sacrifice that they have made and continue to make....Read full article
Page 1 of 19

Follow Us On Twitter