“A federation is a union comprised of a number of partially self-governing states (or provinces) united by a central (“federal”) government,” notes Zhenis Kembayev in Legal Aspects of the Regional Integration Processes in the Post-Soviet Area (Springer 2009, 17).
Pakistan is a federation from conceptual and constitutional points of view. The 1973 Constitution of Pakistan is built around a federal system, which is in vogue in better parts of the world. Part III of the constitution gives out complete structure of the federation. The federation of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan comprises The Punjab, The Sindh, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa and Balochistan provinces, Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and the Gilgit-Baltistan region. Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJ&K) has a special azad status awaiting solution in accordance with the UN resolutions calling for plebiscite, which has not yet been held due to the hard Indian stance. India has illegally occupied a sizeable part of Kashmir, the Indian Occupied Kashmir (IOK), for last over six and a half decade.
There are numerous colours of the federation of Pakistan such as the provinces, regions, civil society and political parties. Media is yet another beautiful colour. However, the core colour of Pakistan, like any other country, is the populace, around which everything is knited ranging from security to economy and politics to governance. Besides, there are government institutions among the bright colours of the country. Pakistan Army is one of them. It is a prime security institution of the country, with special mention in the constitution as regards its role and functions. Chapter II of the Constitution entitled 'Armed Forces' delineates command, oath and functions of the armed forces.
Conceptually speaking, national security comprises two important segments: state security and human security. Pakistan Army, with other armed services of the country, is the prime institution for defence against external aggression, certainly with full backing of the nation. This is the role played by the army to take care of the state security segment of the national defence. It is defending thousands of kilometres of borders in pursuance of its role. Pakistan Army is also part of the UN Peacekeeping forces since 1960s. In this role, it has been deployed (and a better part of it is still deployed) across the globe in various conflict-ridden countries.
Due to its state security function, it remains to be one of the vital organs of Pakistan, and is nothing less than a string of the federation. Inter alia, Article 39 of the constitution entitled 'Participation of people in Armed Forces' notes: “The State shall enable people from all parts of Pakistan to participate in the Armed Forces of Pakistan.” This article is being practically applied as Pakistan Army represents the Federation in true sense of the word. In first place, it is a national army comprising people from all provinces and regions of Pakistan. Pakistan Army's officers corps and soldiers’ cadre is made up of the Punjabi, Pashtun, Sindhi, Balochi, Brahvi, Seraiki, Qabaili, Kashmiri, Gilgiti, Balti, Chitrali and all other ethno-linguistic communities, even if missed out a mention herein. All of them have their own soldierly characteristics and a unique kind of love for the country.
Among others, massive recruitment of the Baloch youth in Pakistan Army is a very healthy trend. On 12 December 2013, during a soldiers' passing out ceremony in the Training Centre of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering (EME) Corps located at Quetta along with Dr Abdul Malik, the Chief of Minister Balochistan, Chief of Army Staff General Raheel Sharif said that 20,000 Baloch have joined the ranks of Pakistan Army as soldiers since 2010. He went on to say: “This overwhelming willingness of the Baloch youth to join Pak Army exhibits their unflinching love for Pakistan and genuine concern with its defence.” This is in indeed awe-inspiring. In addition to these soldiers, hundreds of Baloch are serving Pakistan Army as officers.
Many people know that Pakistan Army's structure symbolizes Pakistan's federational structure. It is exhibited well from its regiments named after the regions and provinces of Pakistan to include the Punjab Regiment, the Baloch Regiment, the Frontier Force Regiment, the Sindh Regiment, the Azad Kashmir (AK) Regiment and the Northern Light Infantry (NLI) Regiment. It may be interesting for some to know that the Baloch Regiment is the second oldest regiment after the Punjab Regiment. Not that the soldiers hailing from only these provinces or regions join these regiments, but it is always a rainbow combination in all regiments. However, the names of these regiments show the primary colours of federation i.e. the federating units.
It is indeed true to say that Army is not a profession but a way of life. The officers and soldiers of Pakistan Army think as the member of the institution and the defenders of the motherland, and not through the prism of provincialism, ethnicity, religion or sect. It is another case that all tribes, ethnicities, languages, provinces, religions and sects are respected and regarded on equal. This too deserves a mention that Pakistan Army has representation from all religious and sectarian communities. Certainly, being a country with 97 % Muslim population, the bulk of officers and soldiers of Pakistan Army are Muslim. However, other religious communities are also represented and respected. There have been Christian and Pasri officers who rose quite high in the ladder of career advancement. Some of them are still serving. There is representation from Hindu and Sikh community, too, in the officers' corps and a number of Christian soldiers are also serving in the army. The even more satisfying feature is that all religio-sectarian communities have liberty to pursue the rituals and morals of their faith and beliefs without any coercion or compulsion in line with the true Islamic teachings and the ideals of the Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah that “You are free; you are free to go to your temples, you are free to go to your mosques or to any other place of worship in this State of Pakistan. You may belong to any religion or caste or creed – that has nothing to do with the business of the State.”
Apart from its security functions, Pakistan Army is also committed to playing a role in the realm of human security in all regions and provinces. Commitment in combating militancy and terrorism is but one such example, a role in which it has gone beyond the limits of national expectations and sacrificed thousands of lives. Besides, it is playing a formative part in the sphere of education across the country. Some 133,416 students are studying in the Army Public Schools and Colleges, who are the children of army personnel as well as civilians. Besides, 7,831 teachers are employed in these schools and colleges, which is another unique contribution in the realm of human security. A number of national highways connecting all parts and provinces of the federation have also been constructed by Pakistan Army's Frontier Works Organization (FWO). Pakistan Army has remarkably contributed to disaster management. In this role, it remains busy round the clock from rescue, relief and rehabilitation activities at Attabad Lake in Gilgit-Baltistan to earthquake relief in Awaran district of Balochistan. The role of Pakistan Army towards human security in Pakistan will be covered in more details in some article subsequently.
In sum, Pakistan Army is playing a constructive and transformative role across both domains of national security i.e. the state security and human security, across the country, and is representative of all federating units of Pakistan in keeping with Article 39 of the Constitution. Thus, Pakistan Army can be regarded as a true string of the federation, which links people from all areas both physically and conceptually.
The writer is a PhD (Peace and Conflict Studies) scholar, author of Human Security of Pakistan (published 2013) and co-author of Kashmir: Looking Beyond the Peril, being published shortly.
“It’s not the mountains but ourselves that we conquer”
(Sir Ed Hillary, mountaineer)
Residents of Islamabad are lucky to be located very close to beautiful Margalla Hills. These hills not only are a source of pleasant weather of the capital city but are also famous for the trails used by hiking lovers.
The word Margalla is formed from (Mar – snake and galla – home) i.e home of snakes. The name is attributed to presence of a small sized local rattle snake (Khar Kharya) in this area. Margalla is a 40 km long hill range that covers an area of approximately 12,605 hectares. Highest peak of the range is Tilla Charouni with an elevation of 1604 metres. Margalla Hills stretch from Shahdara Valley in the east to Shah Allah Ditta village in the west covering area between shrines of ‘Bari Imam’ in the east and ‘Golra Sharif’ in the west. Margalla Hills almost stand like a wall between two lakes of ‘Khanpur’ in the far north and ‘Rawal’ in near south.
There are about thirty well identified trails in Margalla Hills and most of them are used by the locals. Administration of the capital city has worked on six hiking trails and has developed them. All of these trails offer unique hiking opportunities and can be easily managed as half-day weekend hikes. Here is a brief review of each of them based on personal experience.
TRAIL-1 (VILLAGE KALINGER/SINYARI)
It starts behind Sectors E-8 and E-9 and consists of three interlinked sub-trails. Easiest way to the trail head is by reaching village Kalinger from the junction of Agha Shahi Avenue and National Defence University. Hiking can be commenced from a small mazar complex in village Kalinger. Initially the trail moves along a water stream that leads into the mountains. Unlike other officially recognized trails, this is not marked well and it takes considerable effort to explore the path. A rigorous hike of almost two hours takes you to the shoulder of the ridge until the descent starts. Trail is used rarely by hikers, however, locals are found frequently on the way and are quite friendly. Occasional presence of cattles blocking the way as well as presence of small snakes locally called khar-kharya saanp should not be ruled out. This trail being mainly used by locals is free of any litter.
Last hour of downhill climb involves crossing a seasonal stream at few places and offers beautiful vistas. After about four hours of hiking, trail ends at a small graveyard in village Sinyari near a famous clump of Banyan trees. From here the metal road leads to the exit point on the main Margalla Road, opposite F-9 Park.
Owing to the relative isolation, lack of drinkable water and a rigorous long hike, it is not recommended for kids and families. A group of four or five people, properly rationed can undertake this exciting half-day hiking trip.
TRAIL-2 (DAMN-E-KOH / ZOO)
Among all the six officially recognized trails, Trail-2 leading up to Damn-e-Koh is the shortest. It has two distinct trail heads. First is located at a narrow dirt track astride Marghazar Zoo. Alternately, a well-marked trail head is present at the start of Pir Sohawa Road, short of Trail-4 parking area.
No matter which starting point is chosen, trails subsequently merge mid-way and lead to the finish point at Damn-e-Koh. The trail is short but steep and it takes almost 45 minutes to reach the top. It can be a good choice if one is looking for a short Sunday hike with family. The track doesn’t finish at Damn-e-Koh and also has an extension towards Cactus Ridge. 1.4 km long trail starts just across the road, opposite Damn-e-Koh main parking and leads to Cactus Ridge. The top of Cactus Ridge offers breathtaking panoramas of Islamabad including the site where Air Blue Flight 202 crashed in July 2010.
TRAIL-3 (SECTOR F-6)
This is the most popular hiking trail of Margalla Hills which is well marked and properly maintained. Trail head is located opposite Sector F-6 on Margalla Road and a dedicated parking area is available at that point. Due to proximity of various embassies, the trail is frequently visited by foreigners. Initial ascent of trail is steep and it takes almost an hour of moderate hike to reach the ‘Viewpoint.’ Viewpoint offers great sights of Islamabad and almost all major buildings, monuments, avenues are identifiable with naked eye from here. For majority of the hikers with families, View Point marks as the culmination point of Trail-3. However, for the more enthusiastic ones, it is just one third of the journey.
Beyond Viewpoint, the trail passes through lush green trees constantly going uphill. Area around mid of Trail-3 is relatively plain. With no water source near or along the trail, it is suggested to carry water bottles. All along Trail 3, benches lie at appropriate places for rest, a luxury which is nonexistent on any of the other trails.
From the mid-way, it takes almost an hour of rigorous hike to reach finish point near popular recreational spot of Monal Restaurant on Pir Sohawa Road. Due to its ease of access, proper marking, suitable resting places, appropriate cleaning measures and better maintenance, Trail-3 is a popular choice for hikers of all ages.
TRAIL-4 (DHOK JEEVAN)
This trail starts from an appropriately marked parking area at the start of Pir Sohawa Road. It is looping around the local mountain village called ‘Dhok Jeevan’ with the same start and finish point. Trail-4 is linked laterally with Trail-6 through a well marked path. Depending upon the preference, hiking on Trail-4 can also be finished at the start point of Trail-6 located in the rear of Faisal Mosque.
Trail-4 is quite challenging and strenuous. Initially it moves along the Pir Sohawa Road and then takes a westward turn further into the Margalla Hills. In the start, water stream moves along the trail but remaining part of trail is surrounded by jungle with no significant water source nearby. At the top, trail offers beautiful scenes of the city including rare glimpse of Faisal Mosque. There are no significant rest areas, milestones and trail is not well maintained. Although it is in common use by locals, it receives lesser number of hikers mainly due to its difficulty and isolation. The trail is not suggested to be used by kids and families, however, for group of four to five adults looking for a strenuous weekend workout, this trail can be quite rewarding.
TRAIL-5 (DERA JANGLAN)
Trail-5 or the Dera Janglan Trail is also quite popular. Earlier it was not open for the general public due to security concerns but can now be used. The start point is located few hundred metres ahead of Trail-3 opposite to Sector F-5 on Margalla Road and it leads up to Pir Sohawa Road. This trail has about three sub-trails and is also linked with the adjacent Trail-3. At the start point, presence of a seasonal water stream makes it a popular picnic spot for families. Initially water stream goes along the trail making it more enjoyable and in the mid, a fresh water spring provides a good resting spot for the serious hikers. Second half of Trail-5 is steeper which requires strenuous hiking. At the top, it offers beautiful vistas of the Islamabad city and finishes near a security check post on main Pir Sohawa Road. About 500 m walk on the main road towards west leads to Monal Restaurant. Trail is rigorous and is recommended for families upto ‘Ficus Spring’ only.
TRAIL-6 (CHAK JABBI)
Trail-6 or the Chak Jabbi Trail is one of the latest trails that has officially been recognized and made available to general public after necessary works. Trail head is located at the rear of Faisal Mosque near car parking. It is about 4km long and leads up to Village Jabbi. This trail gradually gains height and passes through thick jungle. After about half an hour from the start point, it takes you to a beautiful water spring with date and palm trees around it. The upper half of trail consists of steep climb and reaches to the small village of Jabbi. Trail is surrounded by thick trees and water spring is also accessible during the hike at different places. It also links up with the adjacent Trail-4 and leads up to the parking at Pir Sohwa Road. Trail has been appropriately marked, is well maintained and can be done with family in about 3 hours time from start to finish.
Dos and Don’ts of Hiking • Do carry drinking water/juices while proceeding for hiking. • Do carry out a map survey of the area prior to hiking. • Do not harm the wild life or trees. • Do not smoke while on the trail. • Dress according to the local norms but keep yourself lightly dressed. • Do not spread litter. • Do not un-necessarily halt in the mid of trail. A steady but consistent pace is the key. • Prefer not to hike alone.
As temperature drops, heaters clank on, the wind whips up and the battle for healthy skin begins. Dry air takes away the thin layer of oil that traps moisture in the skin. As soon as you turn the heaters on indoors, the skin starts to dry out. It doesn't matter if you heat your home using oil, wood, or electricity, the skin still gets dry. Is your skin feeling dull and lifeless? The dry winter season can do that to you. When the weather gets cold and dry in the winter, for many people, the cold clear days of winter bring more than just a rosy glow to the cheeks. They also bring uncomfortable dryness to the skin of the face, hands and feet. For some people, the problem is worse than just a general tight, dry feeling: Their skin becomes so dry that it results in flaking, cracking, even eczema (in which the skin becomes inflamed). That is when it becomes especially important to keep your skin moisturized.
Winter Skin Care Tips
• Bathing and Moisturizing. Let’s start with bath, the feeling that taking bath destroys or deteriorates the skin in winter considering water as a destructing agent is not true; it is the soap made of lye that destroys the skin. Luke warm water with moisture soap is the best way to keep skin hydrated. After bath,0 massage with wheat germ oil, or olive oil, are some traditional ways with which you can keep your skin looking good throughout the winter. Avoid very hot water.
• Give Your Hands a Hand. The skin on your hands is thinner than on most parts of the body and has fewer oil glands. That means it's harder to keep your hands moist, especially in cold, dry weather. This can lead to itchiness and cracking. Wear gloves when you go outside; if you need to wear wool to keep your hands warm, slip on a thin cotton glove first, to avoid any irritation the wool might cause.
• Grease up Your Feet. During the winter, your feet need more than a light moisturizer. Try finding lotions that contain petroleum jelly or glycerine instead. And use exfoliants to get the dead skin off periodically; that helps any moisturizers you use to sink in faster and deeper.
• Pace the Peels. If your facial skin is uncomfortably dry, avoid using harsh peels, masks, and alcohol-based toners or astringents, all of which can strip vital oil from your skin. Instead, find a cleansing milk or mild foaming cleanser, a toner with no alcohol, and masks that are "deeply hydrating," rather than clay-based, which tends to draw moisture out of the face. And use them a little less often.
We all know that moisturizing products go a long way in fighting dry skin, but with the help of nourishing, antioxidant-packed fruits, vegetables and “healthy” fats, you can moisturize and replenish your skin and provide bodies with health-promoting nutrients. As the old saying goes, you are what you eat, and eating foods that keep your skin supple and smooth is easy and delicious.
8 Foods that Promote Skin Health
• Avocados. They are a great source of vitamins C, E, and monounsaturated fats, which help your skin to lock in moisture and replenish nutrients in skin. It also promotes collagen production, and helps keep your skin supple and firm. You can enjoy avocado as a whole fruit or in salad form.
• Fish. Salmon, herring, sardines and rainbow trout are all amazing for your skin. Fish contains omega-3 fats, which strengthen skin cells, help protect skin from sun damage, can protect against cancer, and help reduce inflammation. Certain fish also contain selenium, which preserves elastin in the skin, helping your skin stay supple, smooth, and tight.
Avoid deep-fried fish (the fats in oil are terrible for your skin), and opt for grilled, baked, poached, or roasted fish.
• Carrots. They contain the carotenoids beta carotene and lycopene – both of which help fighting dry skin and protect it from harmful sun rays and environmental damage. Also carrots contain vitamins A and C, which help repair body tissues and produce collagen, respectively. A glass of carrot juice in the morning can replenish and brighten up your skin.
• Extra Virgin Olive Oil. It is full of vitamin E and good fats, and will moisturize skin both from the inside (eaten) and out (topical application).
• Spinach. Spinach and other dark, leafy greens are packed with iron, omega-3 fatty acids, and vitamins A, B, and E, which protect skin and improve your immune system. Phytochemicals and folate help hydrate skin and keep it healthy. You can steam spinach leaves as a side veggie, or enjoy it in salad or soup form.
• Nuts and Seeds. Nuts and seeds are the ultimate power food. They contain omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins A, B and E, monounsaturated fats and minerals, and a host of antioxidants. They hydrate your skin, promote its elasticity, help regenerate cells, and protect against pollutants and free radicals. Almonds, walnuts, hazelnuts, pistachios, pumpkin seeds, flax seeds, and sunflower seeds all contain variations of these healthy pro-skin ingredients, and can be enjoyed plain as a snack (in moderation, as they are calorie-dense), sprinkled on yogurt or cereal, baked into muffins, or as a crunchy topping for savory dishes, like roasted fish or chicken.
• Grapefruit. Grapefruit contains lycopene, a carotenoid that help to keep your skin smooth. In a study published in 2008 in the European Journal of Pharmaceutics and bio pharmaceutics, researchers found that out of the 20 individuals studied, those who had higher skin concentrations of lycopene had smoother skin. Also grapefruit contains a good amount of vitamin C, which helps turn back the clock by preventing wrinkles.
• Eggs. Eggs are high in protein, which helps cell regeneration, and contain sulfur and lutein, which promotes skin hydration and elasticity. Eggs also work to hydrate the skin through topical application, so try an egg mask by whipping egg whites until frothy and then apply it to the face and neck. Rinse with warm water.
• Water. The most important thing you need to do to keep your skin glowing, during the winter, is to drink a lot of water. Our body is made up of about 60% water therefore water is required to keep the body hydrated. Also water helps to get rid of waste and toxins, which are the main cause of dull skin. A well hydrated skin looks great even without any kind of makeup.
In addition, you must avoid foods that can make your skin look drab and lifeless. That includes anything highly processed and foods loaded with sugar, salt, preservatives and artificial colouring. So, eat the right foods and keep the winter skin problems at bay.
ہر سال کیلنڈر کے بارہ ماہ گزر جانے کے بعد آخری چند منٹ اور چند سیکنڈ نہایت تجسس بھرے انتظار کے وہ لمحات ہوتے ہیں کہ رات بارہ بج جانے پر وقت کی راہوں پہ چل کرآنے والے نئے سال کا شاندار استقبال اور آغاز کیا جاتا ہے۔
ہر قوم ایک نیا عزم لے کرنئے سال کا استقبال کرتی ہے۔ دنیا بھر میں کہیں آتش بازیاں آسمان چمکاتی ہیں تو کہیں گانا بجانا اور نیوایئررائمز ماحول سجاتی ہیں۔ اسی طرح پاکستان میں بہت سے افراد نئے سال سے متعلقہ امیدوں سے بھرے دامن کے ساتھ ان کو پورا کرنے میں کوشاں ہو جاتے ہیں۔ ایسے میں ہمارے نوجوان‘ مستقبل کے معمار سب سے زیادہ پر عزم اور پرجوش نظر آتے ہیں۔ اس سلسلے میں کئے گئے انٹرویوز میںیہ بات واضح نظر آتی ہے۔
میڈیا سٹوڈنٹ علی حسن
(Honour at Pixel Art)
بدلتے حالات میں آنے والے سال سے بہت پراُمید ہیں۔ وہ یقین رکھتے ہیں کہ نیا سال گزشت سالوں کی نسبت زیادہ پرامن ہو گا۔ میں دعا کرتا ہوں کہ ہماری فلم انڈسٹری خوب ترقی کرے اور پروان چڑھے تاکہ میڈیا کے طلباء کو بہترین مواقع ملیں۔ انہوں نے بتایا کہ ’میں اپنے
Pixel Art Studio
کو بزنس کی شکل دے کر پوری دنیا میں پاکستان کی مثبت تصویر پیش کر کے بحیثیت پاکستانی بھرپور کردار ادا کروں گا۔‘
یوں ہی فاطمہ بھی فن میں آگے بڑھنا چاہتی ہیں۔ وہ کہتی ہیں میں اس سال میں پاکستان کی ہر چھوٹی بڑی جانی پہچانی ثقافتوں کو مرتب کر کے ایک ایسی ڈاکومنٹری یا ڈرامہ بنانا چاہتی ہوں جس کو دیکھ کر پاکستان میں لوگ اپنے مذہب اور رسم و رواج کے دائروں سے آزاد ہو کر دل سے پاکستانیت اپنائیں۔
واجد اعوان پڑھائی کے ساتھ ساتھ فوٹو کاپی کی دکان چلاتے ہیں۔ وہ نئے سال میں اچھی تعلیم کے ساتھ ساتھ گورنمنٹ جاب کے متلاشی ہیں۔ ایک ذمہ دارانہ کردار نبھانے کا ارادہ رکھتے ہیں۔ وہ کہتے ہیں میں گزشتہ غلطیوں سے حاصل سبق سے اپنے دوستوں کے کام آؤں۔ یہ ہمارا فرض ہے کہ اپنے ساتھیوں کی تکلیفوں پر ہمدردانہ رویہ اختیار کریں۔ اسی طرح ہم ایک بہتر قوم بن سکتے ہیں
تھرڈ ایئر فزیوتھراپی کی طالبہ بیا خان گزشتہ کچھ عرصے سے بچوں کو فری ٹیوشن پڑھا رہی ہیں۔ نئے سال میں وہ پارٹ ٹائم فیشن ڈیزائننگ کی کلاسیں لینے کی شوقین اور پرعزم ہیں۔ وہ کہتی ہیں کہ میں نے معاشرے کے غریب طبقے کے لئے ڈگری مکمل کر کے فزیوتھراپی کے مفت علاج کا علیحدہ سیٹ اپ بنانا ہے۔ یہ علاج مہنگا ہونے کی وجہ سے لوگوں کی نظر میں مطلوبہ مقبولیت نہیں رکھتا۔ میں لوگوں میں ورزش کی اہمیت کا شعور پیدا کر کے ان کی زندگیوں کو بہتر بناؤں گی۔
زین عباس 13ماہ سے بک شاپ میں کام کر رہے ہیں، ایک بھائی ہونے کے ناتے نئے سال میں وہ اپنی اور بہنوں کی پڑھائی پر بھرپور طریقے سے متوجہ ہیں۔ اکثر معاشرے میں یتیم بچوں کا خیال رکھتے ہیں اور فکر کرتے ہیں۔ وہ کہتے ہیں کہ میں یہ سب بچوں کو پڑھائی کی تلقین کرتا ہوں اور چاہتا ہوں کہ زیادہ سے زیادہ بچے مجھ سے فائدہ حاصل کریں تاکہ میرا کردار معاشرے میں تسلی بخش ہو۔
مارکیٹنگ میں ایم بی اے کے ساتھ ساتھ طلعت ستی چند چھوٹے پراجیکٹز کر رہے ہیں‘ میں ویب سائٹ پر ترقیاتی منصوبوں کی ابتدا کر کے بہت اچھے سے انٹرنیشنل فلمز کی مارکیٹنگ کر کے ہماری عوام میں اچھی فلمز کو مقبول بنانا چاہتا ہوں جن کے ذریعے انسانیت کا پیغام اور سبق عوام تک پہنچایا جائے۔
بیدار این جی او کی سوشل ورکر سعدیہ بی ایس کی طالبہ ہیں۔ وہ کہتی ہیں کہ میں پڑھائی مکمل کر کے اپنی این جی او کے ذریعے تعلیم اور اس تک رسائی ہر بچے کو فراہم کرنا چاہتی ہوں تاکہ نیک کردار ادا کرنے سے مجھے خوشی حاصل ہو۔
کونسٹ انسٹی ٹیوٹ آف انفارمیشن ٹیکنالوجی کے طالب علم شاہ رخ ارشد کہتے ہیں کہ ہمارے ملک کی معیشت جن حالات سے دوچار ہے، اس کی بہت بڑی وجہ ماہرین اقتصادیات کی کمی ہے۔ میں نہ صرف اپنی ڈگری مکمل کرنا چاہتا ہوں بلکہ بہترین ماہر معاشیات کا کردار ادا کرتے ہوئے ملک کو ترقی کے راستے پر گامزن کرکے اعلیٰ مقام پر پہنچانا چاہتا ہوں۔ کیونکہ ہر قوم کی معیشت اس کی ریڑھ کی ہڈی ہوتی ہے۔
ہمارے وطن عزیز کا حق ہے کہ نیا سال اس کی ہر لحاظ سے معاشی اور معاشرتی خوشحالی کا ایک اہم ورق بن جائے۔
بلند حوصلے‘ پرعزم رہ کر جینے کی آرزو
یہی ہے جسے کہتے ہیں ہم ایک حقیقی جستجو
سارہ صلاح الدین مقامی یونیورسٹی میں ماس کمیونیکیشن کی طالبہ ہیں۔